What is Static Electricity?
In the past, one of the Greek countryman observed that when Amber which is a gum substance is rubbed with the fiber, it attracts dry leaves and the dust of the wood. Amber is called as ‘Electra’ in Greek language. Due to the exhibit of the principle only the name electricity came into the light.
One can observe that small pieces of paper getting attracted to the comb if once it is rubbed with the hands and placed near the paper pieces. In the same way, by rubbing the glass stick with a silk cloth, there forms the electricity on the glass rod. The electricity which is having no sensation is called as Static Electricity.
It is well known to everyone that all the materials are atoms. Due to the friction which takes due to the rubbing of one item with the other, the atoms in that item will be lost or gained. Then there forms a kind of static electricity on those items. This situation of static electricity is produced even when the clouds in the sky are rubbed with one another. It is during that situation only; the storms are produced in the sky with great sounds called as thunders. The positive protons and the negative electrons will be there in each atom of the particles in equal numbers. As these electrical proportions will be equal to one another, their effect will not be seen on other items. In the same way, if one item is rubbed with the other, there takes place the exchange of the electrons. Then there forms positive charge on the items which lost their electrons and negative charge on the items which attracted the electrons. The same can be observed in the balloon when it is rubbed on the shirt where the balloon sticks and the hair on the hands getting attracted to the TV when the mirror of the TV is cleaned. The main base or the root for this is the same principle.