Bhabha discovered meson and proved Einstein principle | Homi Bhabha established Tata Institute of Fundamental Research with the help of industrialist Tata
On May 18, 1974 scientists had performed an experiment in Rajasthan which made India to stand side of other countries which performed nuclear experiments. Homi J.Bhabha is the father of nuclear physics in India. Homi was born in a rich family and he likes to read the books. He joined in Cambridge university for higher studies and he won many awards and fellowships in the university. The article which is written by him on scattering of electron and positron was published in Royal society paper.
This article was famous with the name as Bhabha scattering. Homi got the doctorate by doing experiments on Cosmic rays in Cavendish laboratory. He came to India during holidays and could not go back as Second World War was taking place in England. So he continued his experiments in Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore.
The head of the institute was Sir C.V. Raman under whose guidance, Homi had did research on cosmic ray showers and he found meson. With this experiment he was able to prove Einstein principle. Homi was selected as fellow of Royal society and he later on met industrialist Tata to establish Tata institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai in 1945. After independence, Nehru was the first prime minister and he had given the responsibilities to Bhabha to develop India in technical fields. A
s a result of his responsibilities, Bhabha had become chairman of atomic energy commission in 1948. From 1948, the experiments in nuclear physics were conducted actively. Three atomic nuclear reactors and the plants which clean the uranium are set up. The first nuclear electricity plant was set up in Tarapur for the first time. Bhabha encouraged the experiments in the fields like microbiology, radio astronomy, astronomy and electronics. Bhabha had died in a plane crash and he was the person who represented India in many international meetings which were conducted on nuclear physics and its positive uses.